Exemplory case of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is a unique variety of art that can help to comprehend the present-day history and also to know the way the main tendencies of social development in the past were created.
The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture during the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules and the axioms of plot construction, reflecting the notion of orderliness and perfection associated with universe, nature and society.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half of this eighteenth century was meant to teach and educate on examples and pictures that cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided by the indisputable fact that all evil could be overcome.
In our literature as much as the start of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the exact same goal: to help make society perfect, by affirming the rational principles of morality additionally the rules of human behavior. How to achieve this goal into the philosophy of classicism had been thought as the assertion associated with supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and had been according to an obvious division of artistic designs and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies when the foundation associated with the plot has been important historic activities, and actors – the gods and strongest of the world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were related to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could simply be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance of this unity of the time, place, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with publicity, zygote, development of action, culmination and resolution limited the likelihood of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the text of cause and effect, quality expression regarding the primary concept proceed the link of the job. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to utilize the way of artistic expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image of this internal realm of guy along with his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel records come in the literary works. The introduction of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and made it more democratic: the eye of both article writers and visitors ended up being the fate of a typical individual, clear, close, causing interest and compassion.
Thus, the difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be follows: